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If Vermont and New Hampshire feel too populated, the unspoken charm of Connecticut may be just the experience you are looking for. The Connecticut Colony, like other New England Colonies, was an exporter of rum. Robert Treat of Milford served as governor of the colony, both before and after its inclusion in the Dominion of New England under Sir Edmund Andros. It produced fishing, corn and wheat. Two other English settlements in the State of Connecticut were merged into the Colony of Connecticut: Saybrook Colony in 1644 and New Haven Colony in 1662. The Year: 1636 Image: Connecticut Tribes Map There were originally many small American Indian tribes in Connecticut, including the Nipmuc, Mohegan, Pequot, and the Niantic. Colonial Connecticut Records: The Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut, 1636–1776, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Connecticut_Colony&oldid=991548449, States and territories established in 1636, States and territories disestablished in 1776, 1776 disestablishments in the British Empire, Former British colonies and protectorates in the Americas, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, General Court of the Colony of Connecticut, Daniels, Bruce C. "Democracy and Oligarchy in Connecticut Towns-General Assembly Office holding, 1701-1790", Daniels, Bruce C. "Antiquarians and Professionals: The Historians of Colonial Connecticut,", Meyer, Freeman W. "The Evolution of the Interpretation of Economic Life in Colonial Connecticut,", Other British colonial entities in the contemporary, Non-British colonial entities in the contemporary United States. This was one of the Thirteen Colonies which rejected British rule in the American Revolution. Laws based on scripture, called Blue Laws, were applied to Connecticut residents. Connecticut's first seal was brought from England by Colonel George Fenwick in 1639. The founding of the Connecticut colony began in 1636 when the Dutch established the first trading post on the Connecticut River valley in what is now the town of Hartford. Examples include the death penalty for crimes that seem minor by modern standards. During the American Revolution, it was the only colony of the 13 that didn’t suffer from internal fighting. The Revolution John Davenport and merchant Theophilus Eaton led the founders of the New Haven Colony, which was absorbed into Connecticut Colony in the 1660s. Agriculture was considered as the major industry in Connecticut Colony. The Connecticut and New Haven colonies established documents of Fundamental Orders, considered the first constitutions in America. In retaliation, the English colonists slaughtered the entire tribe and began to expand their settlements further along the fertile river valley. The majority of Connecticut is Christian, with the largest group Protestants. He was a major general for the Connecticut Militia in the Revolutionary War serving under George Washington. There are also large groups of Roman Catholics and non-religious residents. After the Civil War, the economy remained totally dependent on industrial production. The New Haven Colony was settled in 1638. Connecticut Culture Religion in Connecticut. Hartford quickly became an important center of government and trade. Thomas Hooker and others established Connecticut Colony at Hartford in 1636. The first English settlers moved inland from the Bay Colony and Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts, founding the towns of Windsor (1633), Wethersfield (1634), and Hartford (1636). They hunt in the woodlands and fish in the streams. They made trails permit them to go between communities to trade. 1634--Wethersfield founded by people from Massachusetts. Whaling was important to the colonists as it provided oil for lanterns. The real charm of Connecticut lies in its absence of major metropolis cities. Hooker delivered a sermon to his congregation on May 31, 1638, on the principles of government, and it influenced those who wrote the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut later that year. Much of the land settled by the colonists was purchased from the Mohegan Indians. The Connecticut Colony or Colony of Connecticut, originally known as the Connecticut River Colony or simply the River Colony, was an English colony in New England which became the state of Connecticut. Many historic farms and villages have been converted into living museums, offering a rare look at the origins of America. The oldest book of Connecticut laws I have been able to view is that of 1715, a reprint of the 1702 Acts and Laws. Before the arrival of the first settlers to Connecticut, Robins lived there together with the Native American tribes. It was the seal of the Saybrook Colony and was turned over to the Connecticut Colony at about the time that it purchased the land and fort at Saybrook Point from Colonel Fenwick in 1644. The residents of Connecticut tend to be independent Yankees, especially in the small towns. Fathers are in control. Connecticut - Connecticut - Cultural life: Connecticut provides a variety of landscapes: rocky headlands, beaches, forested hills, and, perhaps most attractive, small towns around tree-dotted village greens. One year later, a second colony was formed, centered in the port of New Haven. In May 1665, the separate colonies of New Haven and Connecticut joined to form the colony that later became the State of Connecticut. In the 1980s, the local Pequot tribe regained some of their ancestral land and opened the Foxwoods Casino in 1992. [8], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}41°43′05″N 72°45′05″W / 41.71803°N 72.75146°W / 41.71803; -72.75146, English colony in North America (1636-1776), Map of the Connecticut, New Haven, and Saybrook colonies, List of colonial governors of Connecticut, "The churching of colonial Connecticut: a case study". Tucked in along the Connecticut River, just up from where it meets Long Island Sound, the town of Old Lyme has a long history as an artists’ retreat. The state prospered greatly in the early 1800s, as its seaports like Mystic Harbor boomed with commerce and a textile industry emerged. The Connecticut Colony or Colony of Connecticut, originally known as the Connecticut River Colony or simply the River Colony, was an English colony in New England which became the state of Connecticut. The colony was later the scene of a bloody war between the colonists and Pequot Indians known as the Pequot War. He was key in the development of the new colony including inspiring the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut. Their research data includes more than 200,000 prints and photographs from its founding as a colony to the modern day, along with an impressive collection of 17th and 18th century furniture, clothing, tavern and trade signs and even … Not straying far from the existing set of laws, the 1650 revisions pertained mostly to retaining the civil and religious order of the community. Connecticut Colony play… Pequot War. In agriculture, there was a shift from grain to animal products. In the middle of the 17th century, the government restricted voting rights with a property qualification and a church membership requirement. Recognized as the main source for what later b… 1 Religion played a monumental role in the social structure of the colony. Along the coast, traditional seaports like Mystic Harbor and Madison provide wonderful, historic maritime environments. Puritanism was the dominant religion in Connecticut Colony. Roger Wolcott was a weaver, statesman, and politician from Windsor, and he served as governor from 1751 to 1754. The Pequot War was the first major conflict between the Native American tribes and the Europeans. The revenue from gaming has made the Pequots one of America’s most prosperous tribes. Were applied to Connecticut residents prospered greatly in the middle of the competing colonies tried to New! 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