development of new england colonies quizlet

Cooler weather and clean water = less disease 2. https://mrnussbaum.com/13-colonies-regions-new-england-colonies Three groups sailed over the treacherous Atlantic from their cruel lives in England to set up peaceful religious colonies. In both the cases of the New England colonies and the Chesapeake colonies, English people who came to the New World had unusually democratic forms of government. Document A: John Winthrop, "A Modell of Christian Charity," 1630. The New England colonies were all originally charter colonies and were quite proficient at self-governing themselves, according to Alan Taylor in his book American Colonies: “By virtue of their especially indulgent charters, the New England colonies were virtually independent of crown authority. These colonies shared many common characteristics that helped define the region. The new generation of people lost their parents' religious fervor and concentrated on running farms and businesses. As a result, they moved from England to the Netherlands. Each of the colonies had specific developments that made up what the regions were. - English Puritans (not Separatists) decided to formalize Massachusetts as a royal colony - under the name of the Massachusetts Bay Company, - More small towns grew across present-day Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Rhode Island. As a outcome of individualism in the two societies, a vast difference in the development occurred. It set a precedent of representative government in the colonies. The founders of the New England colonies had an entirely different mission from the Jamestown settlers. Though there were many similarities in the development of the New England, Middle and Southern Colonies, they also had their differences allowing the colonists to choose a colony that fitted their needs. From there they used a grant (money) from the Virginia Company of London (joint stock company) to sail aboard the Mayflower (ship). The Mayflower Compact recognized and established that people had the power. Puritans disagreed with the Church of England and were persecuted for it. The Pilgrims wanted to split off from the Church of England, while the Puritans wanted to reform, or change, the church by removing all Catholic doctrine and practices. They left the Netherlands for the New World and established settlements that are now Massachusetts and Rhode Island. New Hampshire and Maine were originally proprietorships granted not by the king but the Council of New England. Added 10 years to life spans compared to England; life expectancy was 70 yrs B. Puritans tended to migrate as families rather than as individuals C. Families had many children. Money - Having seen the wealth that cash crops like tobacco could generate, English investors became more interested in colonial development. Describe how the environment influenced settlement and the establishment of New England colonies. They ran out of food and it was too late in the season to plant new crops. This was mainly because of the long winters and infertile soils in … The colonies in New England and the Chesapeake exemplify the many differences in the culture and lifestyles of the settlers, created mainly because of the fact that their founding fathers had held separate intentions when they came to the New World. Their main purpose of coming to America was to acquire religious freedom. The New England, Middle and Southern Colonies had many common characteristics but these three regions were very different politically, socially, and economically. Its presence established the precedent of self-government at the local level in England's North America colonies. New England Family A. The colonies in the New World appeared completely different and the prospect of any unity between them seemed impossible. The minister of Salem, Massachusetts who hoped for a "purer" form of religion than even the Puritan founders had created. Believed that only God could determine who deserved grace, not ministers or powerful men. Some settled near the Connecticut River Valley which provided lush meadows for cattle. Within a century, New England colonies had become a key part of an Atlantic trade network. The Royal African Company (RAC) was an English mercantile company set up in 1660 by the royal Stuart family and City of London merchants to trade along the west coast of Africa. In areas where land was difficult for farming, Native Americans taught settlers how to grow crops such as corn, pumpkin, squash, and beans. In the spring months, the land was good for growing corn, beans, and pumpkins, and there were rivers to catch eels. Influential characters in the American Revolution such as Paul Revere, Samuel Adams, William Dawes, John Adams, Abigail Adams, James Otis, and 14 of the 56 signers of the Declaration of Independence lived in New England. For New England, the existing farms were small and located in the outskirts of the town. Middle Colonies. The people agreed to form a government of elected representatives who would in turn make laws for the greater good. An agreement that bound (connected) each member of the Separatist group in Plymouth to obey majority rule and promise to defend one another from being kicked out. In the 1690s, the famous Salem witch trials took place. The New England colonies consisted of Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Rhode Island. This area is not very conducive to farming as it is extremely rocky. Separatist Puritans saw themselves as different from the corrupt English society around them. Unit 2: The New England Colonies study guide by Paula_Zellers includes 20 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Settlements along the coast helped whaling and fishing industries to thrive and fish were plentiful in local rivers that provided sources of food. How were the Puritans different from the Pilgrims? When looking at the differences and similarities in the development of these colonies, it seems as though the differences far outweigh the similarities. *form of democratic rule. In the early seventeenth century, the Puritan community was divided into two groups: Separatist Puritans and non-Separatist Puritans. Geography greatly affects the lives of people and how they live. New England is generally considered to include the states of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Rhode Island. The colder months came early, so they also didn't have enough time to build proper shelters and people many died. New England imported molasses, … Many of the early colonists were "Dissenters," a term used to describe people in England … The New England Colonies are divided into three regions: New England, the middle colonies and the southern colonies. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. Lumber and iron ore were also profitable industries for New England colonists, since these were both important resources in England. The geographical position of New England and Middle colonies contributed to their economic development. Development of New England (1607 – 1750) Description: Strong religious convictions helped sustain the Puritans in their struggle to establish the Ply mouth and Massachusetts Bay colonies. Merchants dominated urban society; about 40 merchants controlled half of Philadelphia ‘s trade. Slavery provided only a small amount of the labor force in early colonies. SETTLEMENT AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: THE COLONIES TO 1763 (OVERVIEW)In 1585, Richard Hakluyt the elder assured English readers of his pamphlet, Inducements to the Liking of the Voyage Intended towards Virginia, that North America held the economic potential to form the basis of a great English commercial empire. New England colonies developed as a reaction to Puritan tenets of hard work and perseverance, social encouragement of certain lifestyle practices and values, and fervent integration of religion in politics. The use of slavery throughout the colonies (particularly the southern ones) continued to grow throughout the 18 th century, but as the colonies moved closer to revolution against England, there was a growing trend of questioning slavery and its practices in New England. Physical Characteristics of New England . Although economic prosperity was still a goal of the New England settlers, their true goal was spiritual. United States - United States - The New England colonies: Although lacking a charter, the founders of Plymouth in Massachusetts were, like their counterparts in Virginia, dependent upon private investments from profit-minded backers to finance their colony. Fed up with the ceremonial Church of England, Pilgrims and Puritans sought to recreate society in the manner they believed God truly intended it to be designed. Puritans influenced the political, economic and social development of the New England colonies from 1630 through the 1660s. Both colonies strove to maintain their independence but were only partly successful. Group of Christians who wished to reform (change), or purify, the Church of England by removing its hierarchy, its emphasis on work as payment to God, its allowance of prayers for communal salvation, and its promotion of missions. Forests provided food as well as lumber from trees. While New England was a land of towns and villages surrounded by small farms, Virginia and Maryland were characterized by large plantations and little urban development. Area dominated by larger farms than N.E., smaller than the S.; still there is an emphasis on subsistence rather than cash crops. The following is a look at these key characteristics. Initially, most goods were transported by boat, but colonists soon developed roads to carry timber to the waterways. Describe the cause and effect relationship of religious beliefs and the establishment of New England colonies. The colonists in this territory greatly disliked this centralized authority. - Native population was being destroyed by European diseases, which the Puritans believed as the work of God - During these wars New England colonists exterminated (destroyed) the tribe by killing men, women, children, and the elderly However, they were unhappy there, as they were unfamiliar with the language and culture and because they were unable to continue working as farmers. It stated that "the just and equal laws for the general good... of the colony" would be decided upon among the colonists. It was led by the Duke of York, who was the brother of Charles II and later took the throne as James II.It shipped more African slaves to the Americas than any other institution in the history of the Atlantic slave trade. To escape the Church of England and worship according to their understanding of Christianity, a group of them left England for Holland. - Set up farms and developed a fur trade farther north. Pilgrim leader who signed the Mayflower Compact and lead the Plymouth colony for 36 years. Colonial economic development of the New England colonies, beginning in 1620, profoundly transformed the existing indigenous economy of gathering, hunting, fishing, and long fallow/polyculture farming (Merchant 1989). Disillusioned with the Anglican Church and by the King’s challenge to their beliefs, they fled to the New World in the beginning of the seventeenth century. 2. What contributed to the decline of Puritan influence by the late 1600s? a Puritan woman who questioned teachings and was put on trial; she was expelled from Massachusetts and moved to Rhode Island, a 1639 plan for government in the Puritan colony in Connecticut, the elected representative assembly of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, a Puritan leader who was also a respected landowner and lawyer who helped to form Massachusetts Bay Company, a 1620 agreement for ruling the Plymouth Colony, Chief of Wampanoag, also known as King Philip. If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. His goal was to stop Puritan expansion, the mistreatment or punishment of a group of people because of their beliefs, an English settler who sought religious freedom in the Americas in the 1600s, a group of English Protestants who settled the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the willingness to let others practice their own beliefs, a minister of a church in Salem, Massachusetts who believed in religious tolerance; left Massachusetts and founded a settlement that become Rhode Island, a Puritan minister that disagreed with Puritans; he left Massachusetts Bay and settled in Hartford, Connecticut, a meeting in colonial New England where settlers discussed and voted on local government matters. Puritans Influence on the Development of New England The New England colonies were greatly influenced by the ideas and values held by the puritans. The Different Development of the New England, Southern, and Middle Colonies America was a place for dreams and new beginnings, until white people arrived in 1607. Strict rules of Puritans become less important. What role did religion play in the settlement of colonies? Download file to see previous pages This third revolution was built on the fertile ground laid during the colonial period. The geography of New England significantly affected colonists. Bloody battles of the 1630's between the New England colonists and the Pequot tribe (Native Americans). What fueled England's desire for more Colonies? In 1691, Massachusetts Bay became a royal colony. Bloody battles of the 1630's between the New England colonists and the Pequot tribe (Native Americans). The seeds of revolt were sown in the New England Colonies. In New England, the Puritans created self-governing communities of religious congregations of farmers, or yeomen, and their families. The nucleus of that settlement was drawn from an enclave of English émigrés in Leiden, Holland (now in The Netherlands). Summary of key people, events, and concepts in the early New England and Middle colonies. The emphasis on indentured labor meant that relatively few women settled in the Chesapeake colonies. Winters were harsh in New England which initially made it difficult for Pilgrims. the Chesapeake and New England colonies were similarly the earliest successful English colonies in North America, the colonies developed quite independently of each other. Wealthy merchants in Philadelphia and New York, like their counterparts in New England… The New England and the Chesapeake colonies, both settled by the English become two entirely different societies by the beginning of the eighteenth century. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. New England’s climate less deadly than in southern Colonies 1. In the early 1700s, the population in the colonies had reached 250,000; by 1750, over a million British migrants and African slaves had established a near-continuous zone of settlement on the Atlantic coast from Maine to Georgia. The Middle Colonies were not as cohesive as the New England colonies because colonists in this region were not united by single religion or code of beliefs. As in New England, the majority of the elite in the Middle Colonies were merchants. They were independent, used to taking care of themselves, but they were also united with their approach to Native Americans. How did the Mayflower Compact contribute to the development of a democratic society? A Rebellion Grows in New England . Puritan leaders tended to be intolerant of anyone who question their religious teachings. To let more control over trade with the colonies, he combined British colonies throughout New England into a single territory governed from England. 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Slavery provided only a small amount of the New England, the Puritan founders had created, to... Had the power and people many died the 1660s months came early, so also!

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