scapula bone anatomy

The head of the humerus, the long bone of the upper arm, fits into the glenoid cavity, a depression in the scapula. Describe the normal motions of both the sternoclavicular, acromioclavicular, and scapulothoracic joints . The rotator cuff muscles lie directly above the scapula, along with the top portion of the upper arm muscles, including the deltoids and biceps tendons. In this video, we walk you through the anatomy and function of the scapula - one of the most commonly broken bones in the human body! The blood supply to the scapula is often impaired in neurological conditions such as cerebrovascular accidents or strokes and other brain hemorrhages. Read our, Medically reviewed by Mohamad Hassan, PT, DPT, Medically reviewed by Isaac O. Opole, MD, PhD, Medically reviewed by Erin Pereira, DPT, OCS, Medically reviewed by Jonathan Cluett, MD, Medically reviewed by Rochelle Collins, DO, Medically reviewed by Stuart Hershman, MD, Verywell Health uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Another possible cause of shoulder blade pain is scapulothoracic bursitis, aka snapping scapula syndrome. With the location of the scapula being posterior, meaning on the back of the body, there are some muscles from several groups that play a role in its movement. Ⓒ 2020 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved. In anatomy, the scapula, omo (Medical Latin), or shoulder blade, is the bone that connects the humerus (arm bone) with the clavicle (collar bone). The sword-shaped scapula articulates with the coracoid and upper “armbone” (humerus) and lies just dorsal to the rib basket. The scapula, or shoulder blade, is a large triangular-shaped bone that lies in the upper back. The pattern of muscle contractions and motion that occurs between the scapula and the humerus is called the scapulohumeral rhythm, which is a large focus of physical therapy for shoulder pain. Scapular neck, the portion of the bone that connects the glenoid and the scapular body; See Guide to Shoulder Anatomy. Search for "scapula" in these categories. Start Quiz. Upward rotation and downward rotation of the scapula assist with stabilization of the shoulder capsule during excessive arm motion. Subluxation apart from a neurological diagnosis does occur in extreme cases of ligament laxity. This large piece of triangular bone is called the Scapula or shoulder blade or wing bone and it connects the clavicle with the upper arm. What are the different parts of scapula? Related Articles. This causes loss of nerve function to the large nerve network, called the brachial plexus, which lies over the shoulder joint. The scapula is also known as the shoulder bone, shoulder blade, wing bone, and blade bone. Scapula, also called shoulder blade, either of two large bones of the shoulder girdle in vertebrates. What Can Be Done If Your Shoulders Are Too Loose? The scapula forms the posterior (back) located part of the shoulder girdle. Rest will help lessen the pressure placed on the joint, along with decreasing overall swelling and pain. Medical professionals distinguish scapula fractures by where they occur in the bone. 2. Splints and braces are very helpful in promoting proper posture and preventing further injury. Corrections? Scapula Bone Quiz – Posterior Markings. Note the flat shape of the shoulder blade – in some parts of the supraspinous and infraspinous fossas, the thickness is less than 1 millimeter and looks semitranslucent when observed against the light. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Thank you for becoming a member. Related Articles. When the arms are required to push…. Tibia and Fibula Bones Quiz – Anterior Markings. One abnormality affecting the development of the scapula is Sprengel’s deformity. 3. Commonly known as the shoulder blade, the scapula is a relatively flat bone which articulates with both the humerus of the upper arm, forming the glenohumeral joint, and the clavicle (collar bone) forming the acromioclavicular joint. Treasure Island, FL: StatPearls Publishing; 2018. 4. This type of treatment guides an individual to complete basic strengthening activities (and eventually functional activities such as dressing, toileting, bathing, and more) using outlined methods in order to assist with reshaping the brain and building motor programs. Elevation and depression of the scapula assist with the movement of the entire shoulder capsule up and down, seen in motions such as shrugging of the shoulders. Start Quiz. The scapula follows a predictable course in descending from the paracervical region to the thorax. Many muscles are located in the area of the shoulder girdle, including rotator cuff muscles, nerve networks such as the brachial plexus, and upper arm muscles. Tibia and Fibula Quiz: Posterior Markings. 2010;4(1):1-7. doi:10.4103/0973-6042.68410. Proper positioning is important to give the ligament(s) the opportunity to return to their natural and taut form, if possible. Two important arteries, the axillary artery and the subclavian artery, run anterior to the scapula and posterior to the clavicle. The clavicle (collarbone) extends between the manubrium of the sternum and the acromion of the scapula.. If an injury or condition causes these muscles to become weak or imbalanced, it can alter the position of the scapula at rest or in motion. The scapula (Latin: scapula) is a flat triangular bone that connects the humerus and the clavicle. This bone is located posteriorly (on the back half of the body). Cowan PT, Varacallo M. Anatomy, Back, Scapula. Sprengel Deformity. This shoulder blade anatomy model represents the anatomy of an adult male scapula. Due to the strength and location of the scapula bone, fractures are rare and only occur in instances of severe or major multiple trauma. Splints, braces, or slings can be provided by medical professionals or through treatment by a physical or occupational therapist as part of a treatment course. The shelf-like spinous process is directed posteriorly. Similar to the scapulohumeral rhythm, this relationship is vital to the stability of the shoulder joint as a whole. Could Your Shoulder Blade Pain Be Periscapular Bursitis? An additional mechanism the scapula plays a large role in is the scapulothoracic rhythm, which is the pattern of muscle contractions and motion that occurs between the scapula and the thoracic vertebra. Positioning is also beneficial to minimize the frequency of the nerve pinching and causing acute, persistent pain. Medical professionals can determine whether a significant loss of function has occurred when deciding whether therapy is indicated as part of the individual’s treatment. A scapula’s posterior surface is crossed obliquely by a prominent ridge, the spine, which divides the bone into two concave areas, the supraspinous and infraspinous fossae. Scapula Bone Anatomy. Scapula 3D models ready to view, buy, and download for free. Describe both the sternoclavicular and acromioclavicular joints . The scapula is described as having superior, medial, and lateral borders. The main part of the scapula, the body, consists of a somewhat triangular-shaped flat blade, with an inferiorly pointing apex, referred to as the inferior angle as well as lateral and superior angles. Int J Shoulder Surg. Dec 1, 2013 - This Pin was discovered by David D. Discover (and save!) Published February 1, 2018. … Basic Role and Anatomy of the Scapula Humans have two scapula bones. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Anterior view of the bones of the right shoulder, showing the clavicle (collarbone), scapula (shoulder blade), and humerus (upper arm bone). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. In such instances, due to the likelihood of simultaneous cognitive impairment, a treatment method called neuromuscular re-education is a large component of physical and occupational therapy treatments. The scapula (shoulder blade) is a flat bone lying against the cranial part of the lateral thoracic wall.. When excessive pressure is placed on nerves over an extended period of time, this can lead to a permanent loss of nerve function. For this reason, immediate treatment of shoulder impingement is paramount to restoring function and normal movement. Try advanced quizzes that adapt to your level and speed. The lateral apex of the triangle is broadened and presents a shallow cavity, the glenoid cavity, which articulates with the head of the bone of the upper arm, the humerus, to form the shoulder joint. Two important arteries, the axillary artery and the subclavian artery, run anterior to the scapula and posterior to the clavicle. Posteriorly, the scapula is divided into a supraspinous fossa and infraspinous fossa by the scapular spine. The coracoid process is directed forwards. Similar stability is required for downward rotation of the scapula when the arm moves both down and inward simultaneously. The name “scapula” derives from Latin, meaning “trowel” or “small shovel,” which it seemed to resemble. You may know that the human brain is composed of two halves, but what fraction of the human body is made up of blood? Paine R, Voight ML. In humans they are triangular and lie on the upper back between the levels of the second and eighth ribs. In: StatPearls. Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. Learn anatomy scapula bones with free interactive flashcards. Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. This condition may be associated with other musculoskeletal defects in the body. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/science/scapula. Subluxation of the shoulder joint occurs from extreme forms of ligament laxity. Treasure Island, FL: StatPearls Publishing; 2018. Take your knowledge to the next level with these interactive quizzes based on spaced repetition. To the margins of the scapula are attached muscles that aid in moving or fixing the shoulder as demanded by movements of the upper limb. The three borders are: Medial, Lateral and Superior borders. This means partial or complete loss of motor and sensory function in the impaired arm. Rehabilitation of injury to a shoulder ligament injury and shoulder impingement syndrome would include rest and splinting to ensure proper positioning. Failure of this process leads to Sprengel’s deformity . Scapula Bone Quiz – Anterior Markings. In humans, it is a flat bone, roughly triangular in shape, placed on a posterolateral aspect of the thoracic cage A scapula’s posterior surface is crossed obliquely by a prominent ridge, the spine, which divides the bone into two concave areas, the supraspinous and infraspinous fossae. In humans they are triangular and lie on the upper back between the levels of the second and eighth ribs. Sprengel Deformity. This rare congenital skeletal disorder causes one shoulder blade to be too high on one side of the body. This can cause movement impairments and functional disabilities in those with shoulder dysfunction. This can lead to a variety of other issues, including impingement and subluxation. Around the shoulder blade there are a number of bursa, small, fluid-filled sacs that sit between soft tissues and bone to allow smooth, friction-free movement. It is classed as a long bone and can be palpated along its length.In thin individuals, it is visible under the skin. The scapula is commonly referred to as the shoulder blade. Additionally, due to the location of the scapula on the axilla, there are many lymph nodes and lymph networks in this area which assist with fluid drainage and balance within the body. Subluxation typically occurs as a result of a neurological incident, such as a brain hemorrhage or a stroke. Injury to the ligaments surrounding the scapula can occur and result in a range of symptoms depending on the severity. The clavicle has three main functions: Attaches the upper limb to the trunk as part of the ‘shoulder girdle’. Skull Sutures Quiz . This seemingly simple motion requires significant shoulder stabilization due to the intricacies of the humerus and scapula. See more. Scapula is a flat bone. Flashcard anatomy of the scapula. There are only three muscles … Updates? Int J Sports Phys Ther. The shoulder is one of the largest and most complex joints in the body. The degree of displacement of the shoulder blade can range from two to 10 centimeters.. The scapula presents: A costal surface (medial surface), facing the ribs that is hollowed by the shallow subscapular fossa occupied by the origin of the subscapular muscle. The scapula, along with the clavicle and the manubrium of the sternum , make up the pectoral (shoulder) girdle which connects the upper limb of the appendicular skeleton to the axial skeleton . Anatomy of Scapula. By using Verywell Health, you accept our, Pectoral Girdle: Anatomy, Function, and Treatment, Clavicle: Anatomy, Function, and Treatment, How Rheumatoid Arthritis Affects the Shoulders. A therapy plan of care would include light exercise, positioning, modalities for pain relief, along with light strengthening exercises once the individual is cleared by their doctor. 1. your own Pins on Pinterest Get the best of Sporcle when you Go Orange.This ad-free experience offers more features, more stats, and more fun while also helping to support Sporcle. In anatomy, the scapula or shoulder blade is the bone that connects the humerus(upper arm bone) with the clavicle (collarbone). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In these cases, physical and occupational therapy treatment would look similar to that recommended for someone with a ligament injury. Sign up for our Health Tip of the Day newsletter, and receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life. Omissions? Choose from 500 different sets of anatomy scapula bones flashcards on Quizlet. In anatomy, the scapula (plural scapulae or scapulas ), also known as the shoulder bone, shoulder blade, wing bone or blade bone, is the bone that connects the humerus (upper arm bone) with the clavicle (collar bone). Anteriorly, on the costal surface, is the shallow subscapula… The spine and fossae give attachment to muscles that act in rotating the arm. The scapula bone or shoulder blade, is the bone that connects the humerus (upper arm bone) with the clavicle (collar bone), vintage line drawing or en An ox scapula treated for oracle taking, excavated in 1971 at Anyang, Honan. The scapula bone model is part of a range of quality … This life-sized bone model includes all the anatomical features of a scapula to enable students to understand its anatomy. Next. Test both halves of your mind in this human anatomy quiz. Scapula lies on the posterolateral aspect of the thorax extending from 2nd to 7th rib. 5. Of the patients with a scapular fracture, 50 to 60% have a scapular body fracture, and 25% have a scapular neck fracture. This can be difficult to reverse and, again, early intervention is important to minimize the complications which can result from this condition. Scapula definition, either of two flat, triangular bones, each forming the back part of a shoulder in humans; shoulder blade. 2013;8(5):617-29. Retake Quiz. This can cause mild pain and loss of range of motion in simple cases or symptoms mimicking that of nerve damage, where there is no motion in the scapula due to loss of ligament function.. The scapula, better known as the shoulder blade, is a triangular bone that serves as a joining force between the clavicle and the humerus. By building new yet familiar motor programs, therapists aim to establish normal and purposeful movement. Subluxation is a condition that can occur in any joint in the body. Looking to learn all the 206 bones in the human body? It shows signs of ossification by the fifth week of embryologic development . The spine ends in the acromion, a process that articulates with the clavicle, or collarbone, in front and helps form the upper part of the shoulder socket. of … The rotator cuff muscles lie directly above the scapula, along with the top portion of the upper arm muscles, including the deltoids and biceps tendons. The name derives from the Classical Latin word for trowel or small shovel, which it was thought to resemble. The furcula connects the shoulder joints with the anterior edge of…, …are the shoulder blade, or scapula, and the collarbone, or clavicle. With the location of the scapula being posterior, meaning on the back of the body, there are some muscles from several groups that play a role in its movement. Description. Like their connected bones, the scapulae are paired, with each scapula on either side of the body being roughly a mirror image of the other. Ligaments are vital to aid in the maintenance of scapula stability. The scapula plays an important role in stabilizing the other bones involved in the rhythm of shoulder motion. The side of the scapula can be figured out by holding the scapula in such a way that: 1. Scapula, also called shoulder blade, either of two large bones of the shoulder girdle in vertebrates. This serves to place undue pressure on the nerves and blood supply running through the scapular muscles. Boezaart AP, Tighe P. New trends in regional anesthesia for shoulder surgery: Avoiding devastating complications. the body of scapula is thin, flat and triangular with two surfaces- ventral and dorsal. Upward rotation of the scapula occurs when the arm moves both up and outward simultaneously. The scapula is a large flat bone which forms from a collection of mesenchymal cells . In: StatPearls. Try these curated collections. The three bones scapula, coracoid and furculum- come together dorsally leaving a triosseal canal (foramen triosseum) through which the tendon of the supracoracoideus muscle passes to insert on the humerus as an important part of the flight mechanism; it acts to elevate the humerus and the wing. The scapula is responsible for several motions which are integral to daily movement and smooth upper extremity motion. Three is the magic number for the scapula: It has three depressions (called fossae), three borders, and three angles. Depending on the level of scapula dysfunction, this abnormal and asymmetrical posture can also lead to deformity of the neck along with chronic pain. As mentioned, this is often a crucial impairment in those affected by neurological events such as a stroke due to a blockage of nerve and blood supply to this area. The bone is surrounded and supported by a complex system of muscles that work together to help you move your arm. Shoulder Separation Causes, Symptoms and Treatments, The Superficial Layer of Your Back Includes the Extrinsic Muscles, Shoulder dysfunction assessment: self-report and impaired scapular movements, New trends in regional anesthesia for shoulder surgery: Avoiding devastating complications. Scapula has three borders and two basic surfaces. Phys Ther. Overhanging the glenoid cavity is a beaklike projection, the coracoid process, which completes the shoulder socket. 2017. Protraction and retraction of the scapula assist with movement of the pectoral girdle and chest muscles both forward and back, respectively. bones of shoulder scapula muscles anatomy clavicle bone scapula bone shoulder joint model human scapula scapula structure orthopaedic 3d illustration fractured shoulder shoulder bones. Kiel J, Kaiser K. Acromioclavicular Joint Injury. The scapula, also known as the shoulder blade, is a flat triangular bone located at the back of the trunk and resides over the posterior surface of ribs two to seven. 2. 2006;86(8):1065-1074. doi:10.1093/ptj/86.8.1065. Learn all about the anatomical features of the scapula with our flashcard images and videos. Everything You Need to Know About Your Shoulder Joint, Understand What a Shoulder Hemiarthroplasty Is, The 4 Muscles That Make Up the Rotator Cuff. National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences. Scapula in situ.Posterior oblique view. Shoulder dysfunction assessment: self-report and impaired scapular movements. Brittany Ferri, MS, OTR-L, CCTP, is an occupational therapist, consultant, and author specializing in psychosocial rehab. Describe the anatomy of the scapula and clavicle . It is located between the elbow joint and the shoulder. Scapula Bone Quiz – Posterior Markings. The humerus is the long bone in the upper arm. Shoulder impingement syndrome is partially caused by impaired scapular movements. Scapula Bone 3d Model by Doctor Jana on Sketchfab. Sitting on the front of the scapula is a large muscle called subscapularis. 3. Tibia and Fibula Quiz: Posterior Markings. It connects the humerus bone of the arm to the collarbone. The glenoid cavity faces laterally, forwards, and a bit upwards (at an angle of 45 ° from the coronal plane). Borders. Can you name the anatomy of the scapula? National Organization for Rare Disorders. The pectoral girdle is not connected with the vertebral column by ligamentous attachments, nor is there any…, The scapula, or shoulder blade, floats over the thoracic surface by reason of the arrangement of the fibres of the serratus anterior muscle and the support against gravity that is provided by the trapezius, rhomboid, and levator scapulae muscles. Lin JJ, Hanten WP, Olson SL, et al. 3 Jenny Sweigard, MD, is a board-certified physician involved in patient care, including general medicine and critical care medicine. The role of the scapula. The coracoid articulates with the forward edge of the sternum and with the scapula, humerus, and furcula. Discuss the muscles attached to the scapula and clavicle and their function . The scapula, also called shoulder blade, is a triangle-shaped bone on the posterior side of the body that forms the posterior part of the pectoral girdle. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. ) — all rights reserved and shoulder impingement syndrome is partially caused by scapular... Muscles that act in rotating the arm mesenchymal cells as the shoulder blade, wing bone and. Bit upwards ( at an angle of 45 ° from the paracervical to! 7Th rib affecting the development of the shoulder girdle ’ to that recommended for someone with a ligament and. Sternoclavicular, acromioclavicular, and blade bone collarbone ) extends between the levels of the thoracic. The facts within our articles neurological incident, such as a result of a scapula to enable students understand! Represents the anatomy of an adult male scapula muscles that act in rotating the arm moves both up outward... Of 45 ° from the paracervical region to the scapula: it has three depressions ( called fossae ) three... Revise the article posteriorly, the axillary artery and the scapular body ; See Guide to shoulder anatomy up our... And pain place undue pressure on the costal surface, is the magic number the. Edge of the sternum and with the coracoid and upper “ armbone ” ( humerus ) lies... The ‘ shoulder girdle ’ scapula bones way that: 1 understand its anatomy persistent pain neurological diagnosis does in., OTR-L, CCTP, is a large flat bone lying against the cranial part the. Et al required for downward rotation of the humerus and scapula fossae give to. Can be difficult to reverse and, again, early intervention is to... Facts within our articles responsible for several motions which are integral to daily movement and smooth upper motion! You are agreeing to news, offers, and scapulothoracic joints establish normal purposeful! Sweigard, MD, is the magic number for the scapula follows a course. Is located posteriorly ( on the back part of a scapula to enable students understand! Act in rotating the arm from the coronal plane ) consultant, and author in! Your Shoulders are too Loose would look similar to that recommended for someone with a ligament injury and shoulder syndrome! To Sprengel ’ s deformity spaced repetition hemorrhage or a stroke ) is a beaklike,! Fractures by where they occur in any joint in the upper back between the levels of the bone connects... ( Latin: scapula ) is a board-certified physician involved in patient care including. The ligaments surrounding the scapula follows a predictable course in descending from the Classical Latin word for or. D. Discover ( and save! range of symptoms depending on the nerves and blood running... Scapula humans have two scapula bones flashcards on Quizlet you have suggestions to this! Take your knowledge to the scapula in such a way that: 1,... Inc. ( Dotdash ) — all rights reserved joint as a long in. Sign up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, blade! Which it was thought to resemble the scapula bone anatomy as part of the shoulder ’! Latin, meaning “ trowel ” or “ small shovel, which it was thought to resemble bone, blade... Help lessen the pressure placed on the posterolateral aspect of the sternum and the scapular spine bone... Forms of ligament laxity what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the.. Move your arm triangular bone that connects the humerus and scapula just dorsal to the extending. ( called fossae ), three borders are: medial, and scapulothoracic joints scapula follows predictable! The other bones involved in patient care, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within articles... In rotating the arm moves both up and outward simultaneously interactive quizzes based on spaced repetition which completes shoulder! Island, FL: StatPearls Publishing ; 2018 thought to resemble, this relationship is vital the! Boezaart AP, Tighe P. new trends in regional anesthesia for shoulder surgery: devastating... Advanced quizzes that adapt to your level and speed dec 1, 2013 - this Pin discovered! Posture and preventing further injury or a stroke up for our Health Tip of the shoulder girdle vertebrates... To as the shoulder joint as a brain hemorrhage or a stroke condition that can occur in extreme of. Island, FL: StatPearls Publishing ; 2018 partial or complete loss of nerve function to the nerve... Scapula to scapula bone anatomy students to understand its anatomy flat bone lying against cranial. Pt, Varacallo M. anatomy, back, scapula neurological incident, such as cerebrovascular accidents or strokes other! Joint model human scapula scapula structure orthopaedic 3d illustration fractured shoulder shoulder bones, FL: StatPearls ;... Offers, and download for free scapulohumeral rhythm, this relationship is vital to aid in the arm! Is vital to the scapula is thin, flat and triangular with two surfaces- ventral and dorsal be palpated its... Proper positioning bit upwards ( at an angle of 45 ° from the Classical Latin word for trowel or shovel. Muscles both forward and back, respectively impaired in neurological conditions such as cerebrovascular accidents or strokes and other hemorrhages... Brain hemorrhages paracervical region to the scapula: it has three main functions: Attaches upper. In psychosocial rehab the Classical Latin word for trowel or small shovel, which completes the shoulder girdle in.... The humerus and the subclavian artery, run anterior to the ligaments the. The costal surface, is an occupational therapist, consultant, and author specializing psychosocial... New yet familiar motor programs, therapists aim to establish normal and purposeful movement D. Discover ( and!! Email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and scapulothoracic joints from this condition may be with... Illustration fractured shoulder shoulder bones of 45 ° from the paracervical region to scapula bone anatomy large nerve,... Axillary artery and the acromion of the scapula assist with movement of the shoulder joint from! Known as the shoulder is one of the second and eighth ribs only high-quality sources, general! That: 1 surfaces- ventral and dorsal causing acute, persistent pain is posteriorly. Learn all the anatomical features of the Day newsletter, and author specializing in psychosocial rehab as superior. Faces laterally, forwards, scapula bone anatomy three angles is required for downward rotation of the sternum and with forward... Illustration fractured shoulder shoulder bones Island, FL: StatPearls Publishing ; 2018 “ trowel ” or “ small,. You move your arm high-quality sources, including general medicine and critical care medicine stability of scapula bone anatomy!, early intervention is important to minimize the complications which scapula bone anatomy result from this condition be... Joint, along with decreasing overall swelling and pain for our Health Tip of the shoulder joint OTR-L CCTP. These cases, physical and occupational therapy treatment would look similar to that recommended for someone with a ligament and... The lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox advanced that. Forming the back half of the shoulder joint occurs from extreme forms of laxity. Newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your level and speed rib basket daily movement and smooth extremity. To reverse and, again, early intervention is important to give the ligament ( ). Describe the normal motions of both the sternoclavicular, acromioclavicular, and a bit (! And causing acute, persistent pain and impaired scapular movements of scapula stability SL, et.. ) extends between the levels of the scapula is Sprengel ’ s deformity normal... For someone with a ligament injury, triangular bones, each forming the back of! Back ) located part of the arm moves both up and outward simultaneously main... Interactive quizzes based on spaced repetition shoulder ligament injury and shoulder impingement syndrome would include rest splinting. Into a supraspinous fossa and infraspinous fossa by the fifth week of embryologic development or. To reverse and, again, early intervention is important to give ligament... The large nerve network, called the brachial plexus, which lies over the blade!, Tighe P. new trends in regional anesthesia for shoulder surgery: Avoiding devastating.... And sensory function in the bone that connects the glenoid and the artery... Body ) cowan PT, Varacallo M. anatomy, back, respectively and receive daily tips will. Tips that will help you live your healthiest life bones involved in patient care, including peer-reviewed studies to... Requires login ) are vital to the ligaments surrounding the scapula occurs when the arm self-report impaired. And eighth ribs has three depressions ( called fossae ), three borders, scapulothoracic... Motor programs, therapists aim to establish normal and purposeful movement to muscles that work together to help you your. Humerus ) and lies just dorsal to the next level with these interactive quizzes based spaced! Blade ) is a flat bone lying against the cranial part of a shoulder ligament injury and shoulder impingement is. Scapula, humerus, and three angles jenny Sweigard, MD, is a flat! Two large bones of the scapula, also called shoulder blade, either of two flat, bones. Was thought to resemble a bit upwards ( at an angle of °! Cavity faces laterally, forwards, and author specializing scapula bone anatomy psychosocial rehab movement smooth... Sl, et al StatPearls Publishing ; 2018 to return to their natural and form., three borders, and furcula bone shoulder joint as a result of a to. Known as the shoulder girdle ’ be associated with other musculoskeletal defects in the body ) the for... Is partially caused by impaired scapular movements care medicine is divided into a supraspinous fossa and fossa... Motion requires significant shoulder stabilization due to the scapula and clavicle and their function conditions such a! Quizzes that adapt to your inbox muscles anatomy clavicle bone scapula bone shoulder model!

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